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Pramod Parajuli, Ph.D. - PhD Program Core Faculty and Director of Program Development for Sustainability

Pramod  Parajuli, Ph.D.

Academic Statement (Return to top)

Pramod's professional experience in the US higher education for the last 25 years has been as a professor and innovator of interdisciplinary academic programs. As a professor, Pramod has taught sustainability studies, sustainability education, political ecology, cultural and political anthropology, critical theories, social movements, development theory, ethnographic research methods, leadership for sustainability, and ecological and cultural foundations of learning. At Prescott College, he teaches core courses for the doctoral program in sustainability education and also serves as the Director of new Program Development in Sustainability. Graduate education specialization areas he designed and implemented are: Syracuse Social Movements Initiative (1994-98), and Leadership in Ecology, Culture and Learning (2002-2008) at Portland State University, Portland, Oregon. Pramod also is the co-founder and director of the learning gardens program at Portland State University, Portland, Oregon (2004-2008).

Other areas of Pramod's professional interests are in permaculture, sustainable foodsystems and sustainable communities. In collaboration with Professor Tim Crews, he has has designed and developed the new residential masters program on Food and Agriculture: Science, Systems and Society.  The new masters program is planned to be launched by Fall 2014.



Background & Experience

Selected Publications (Return to top)

Books in Preparation

Parajuli, Pramod, (Forthcoming). Sustainable Agriculture and the World’s Religious Traditions edited by Todd LeVasseur,  Pramod Parajuli, and Norman Wirzba. University of Kentucky Press (to be published, 2013).


Parajuli, Pramod and Apffel-Marglin, Frederique eds. (Forthcoming).  Annapurna Pluriversity: Keywords and Ideas for Abundance, Creativity and Resilience.


Parajuli, Pramod (Forthcoming) “Soil to Supper as a Spiritual Journey? Revisiting Peasant Worldviews for Deep and Delicious Pathways” in Sustainable Agriculture and the World’s Religious Traditions edited by Todd LeVasseur,  Pramod Parajuli, and Norman Wirzba eds. University of Kentucky Press (to be published, 2013).


Parajuli, Pramod (2012). Food Futures: A Poetic Essay. Available at:



Parajuli, Pramod (2012). “Book Review Essay of Subversive Spiritualities: How Rituals Enact the World. Available at:



Parajuli, P. “Forests of Belonging:  Reflections from Peasant and Adivasi Perspectives”  Journal for the Study of Religion, Culture and Nature, 4:2: 232-238, Special issue on Forests of Belonging in India.

Parajuli, P. “At Home in Prescott: Confluence of Ten Streams in my Journey as Sustainability Educator” Journal of Sustainability Education, Inaugural Issue, May 2010. Online at: http://www.journalofsustainabilityeducation.org/wordpress/content/at-home-in-prescott-confluence-of-streams-in-my-journey-as-an-interdisciplinary-sustainability-educator_2010_05/



Parajuli, P. “Embedding Communities in Ecologies: Emergent Properties of Biological, Linguistic and Cultural Diversities”  Interculture, Issue 157. October, PP: 35-54.


Parajuli,  P. “This Blessed Moment: The Promise of Preparing Integrative Learners and Leaders”  Clearing Magazine, Compendium Issue, Environmental Education in the Pacific Northwest. Online at: http://content.yudu.com/Library/A1h91o/CLEARINGCompendium20/resources/index.htm?referrerUrl=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.clearingmagazine.org%2Fonline%2Fcompendium.



Parajuli, Pramod, Dardis, Greg and Tim Hahn, Curriculum Development and Teacher Preparation for Learning Gardens. A Report Submitted to the Oregon Community Foundation, July, 2008. 


Parajuli, P, “Coming Home to the Earth Household: Ecological Ethnicities and Biocultural Diversities in the Age of Ecology” (Retornando ao lar Terra: Etnicidades ecologicas e diversidades bioculturais na idade de ecologia) in Environmental Racism in Brazil. Selene Herculan and Tania Pacheco eds. Racismo Ambeiental: Seminario Brasileiro o Racismo Ambiental (in Portugese).  Walprint: Grafica Editora. 2006, PP. 100-118.


Parajuli, P, "Indigenous Communities and Ecological Citizenship in India” in Indigenous Peoples’ Wisdom and Power: Affirming Our Knowledge through Narrative.  Editors, Ma-Qhudeni “Ivy” Goduka & Julian Kunnie.  London: Ashgate Publishers. 2006, Chapter 11, PP. 175-196. 


"Revisiting Gandhi and Zapata: Motion of Global Capital, Geographies of Difference and the Formation of Ecological Ethnicities" in Mario Blaser and Harvey Feit eds, In the way of Development: Indigenous Peoples, Life Projects and Globalization. London: Zed Press. Chapter 14, 2004, PP 235-255. Available at: http://www.idrc.ca/en/ev-64534-201-1-DO_TOPIC.html.

“Homeward bound: Agro-ecological Civilization and the Quest for a Sustainable Society” Talking Leaves: A Journal of our Evolving Culture. March-April, 2004.Also available online at the archival section of: www.talkingleaves.org.


“Geographies of Difference and the Crisis of Knowledge” Philosophy of Education (2002). Philosophy of Education Society, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. 2003, PP. 95-97.Link: www.philosophyofeducation.org/2002Monday.htm



 “How Can Four Trees Make a Jungle?” in The World and the Wild. Tuscan: The University of Arizona Press.  2002 (1998, 1999), PP 3-20. (Selected as one of the best environmental books for 2001 by planet.com). Formerly appeared in Terra Nova, 3:3:15-31 (Special issue on The World and the Wild, 1998). Also reprinted in Persona y Sociedad (Person and Society, 13:1:65-78, 1999) and Terrain Magazine: A Journal of the Built and Natural Environments


“Towards an Environmentalism of the Global South: Playful Conversation around Mahatma Gandhi and his Relevance Today” Encounter: Education for Meaning and Social Justice, Volume 15, No 2, Special Issue on Gandhi and Education, Summer, 2002. PP. 56-70.



"No Nature Apart: Adivasi Cosmovision and Ecological Discourses in Jharkhand, India." in Phil Arnold and Ann Gold eds. Sacred Landscapes and Cultural Politics: Planting a Tree.  London: Ashgate Publishers. 2001, PP 78-108.


 “Learning from Ecological Ethnicities: Towards a Plural Political Ecology of Knowledge” Volume on Indigenous Traditions and Ecology, Ecology and World Religions Series, Harvard University. Harvard University Press. 2001, PP 559-589. Volume editor, John Grim.

 "Power and Knowledge in Development Discourse: New Social Movements and the State in India."  In Niraja Gopal Jayal, ed. Democracy in India  New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2001, PP. 258-288. (reprinted from International Social Science Journal 1991, 127:173-190).


(with Apffel-Marglin, F, “Sacred Grove and Ecology: Ritual and Science” Hinduism and Ecology. World Religions Series, Harvard University. Harvard University Press. 2000, PP 291-316. Volume editors Christopher Chapple and Mary Evelyn Tucker.


 “Peasant Cosmovisions and Biodiversity: Some Reflections from South Asia” Cultural and Spiritual Values of Biodiversity, United Nations Environment Assessment (UNEP). 1999, PP 385-388. Volume editor, Darrell A. Posey.



“Beyond Capitalized Nature: Ecological Ethnicity as a New Arena of Conflict in the Global Capitalist Regime.” Ecumene: A Journal of Environment, Culture, and Meaning (now Cultural Geographies). 1998, 5:2:186-217.


“How Can Four Trees Make a Jungle?” Terra Nova, 3:3:15-31 (Special issue on The World and the Wild, 1998). Also reprinted in Persona y Sociedad (Person and Society, 13:1:65-78), 1999 and Terrain Magazine: A Journal of the Built and Natural Environments.

(With Smitu Kothari) “Struggling for Autonomy: The Lessons from Local Governance” (with Smitu Kothari). Development: Seeds of Change, 1998: 41:3:18-29


(With Apffel-Marglin, F)  “Geographies of Difference and the Resilience of Ecological Ethnicities: Knowledge Claims under Globalization.” Development: Seeds of Change, 1998, Volume 41:2: 14-21.

Book Review Essay, “Are There Systems of Knowledge?  Peasant Styles of Cognition and the Regimes of Truth” review of Decolonizing Knowledge: From Development to Dialogue. Edited by Frederique Apffel-Marglin and Steve Marglin (Oxford: Clarendon Press) Ecumene: A Journal of Environment, Culture and Meaning 1998, 4:4:458-464.


Parajuli, P. "Discourse on Knowledge, Dialogue and Diversity: Peasant Worldviews and the Science of Conservation." Worldviews: An International Journal of Environment, Culture and Meaning 1997, 1:3:189-210.

Parajuli, P.  “Farming as Pedagogy: Recovering Rural Livelihoods in Nepal.”

Lokayan Bulletin 1997, 14:2: 51-64.


Parajuli, P. "Ecological Ethnicity in the Making: Developmentalist Hegemonies and Emergent Identities in India."  Identities: Global Studies in Culture and Power 1996, 3:1-2:15-59.



(With Smitu Kothari) "No Nature Without Social Justice: A Plea for Cultural and Ecological Pluralism in India." in Wolfgang Sachs (ed.) Global Ecology: A New Arena of International Conflict. London: Zed, 1993, PP. 224- 241.

Presentations (Return to top)

Keynote Addresses

I have offered Keynote speeches and professional workshops to local, national and global communities.  They include:  Princeton University, Northwest Earth Institute, Environmental Symposium of Lewis and Clark College, Oregon Bioneers, Brazilian seminar of Environmental Justice, University of Toronto, Metamedia (2007), Greening Village Movement, Lumanti, support Group for Shelter, the Hardy Plant Society of Oregon (2007), Portland Youth Garden Education Network, City Repairs and Village Building Convergence, and K-12 Teachers and Pricipals.

“Food, Forest, Soil and Water: Whole Systems Design for Chitwan Valley, Nepal” Lead Presentation for the Working Group on Strategic Planning for Chitwan. Chitwan District Office, Bharatpur, Chitwan.  July 19, 2010.

 2009         “Greener Nepal: Abundant, Ecologically Sustainable, Bioculturally Diverse and Socially Just” for Green Forum, Association of Nepalese in America, 2009 Annual Gathering, Oakland Convention Center, July 1-5. (http://anaonline.org).

2009         “Leapfrogging to a Sustainable and Creating Abundant Nepal. Hope for Agriculture and Greening Villages Movement. New York University, Law School, New York. April 24.

2007 “Everyday Permaculture: Connecting Plants, People and Planet" for The Hardy Plant Society of Oregon Annual conference  "Grow Green: Become a Sustainable Gardener."   Saturday, February 10, 2007. Clakamas Community College. Oregon City, Oregon. 

2006 “Where do we go from here?  Mindfully Reclaiming Life, Learning and Biocultural Diversities” Oregon Bioneers Conference. October 20-22, 2006, Eugene, Oregon (Concluding Keynote).

 2006, “Symposium on Multicultural Learning Gardens” for Teachers and Leaders of Atkinson Elementary School at Western Seminary, Portland, Oregon. May 26, 2006.  

2006  “Connecting Placemaking, Foodmaking and Learning Making” for Village Building Convergence, Saturday, May 20, 2006. Portland, Oregon. 

2005   Public Lecture, “Preparing Leaders and Educators for Sustainability: Experience from PIIECL and Learning Gardens in Portland, Oregon” Princeton University, December 2 (joint presentation with Professor David Orr).

 2005 Expert Presentation “Environmentalism of the Global South: Ecological Ethnicities Speak Back: For Brazilian Seminar on Environmental Racism, Universidade Federal Fluminense (UFF), Niterói, Rio de Janeiro,November, 28-30.

Link: http://www.biodiversidadla.org/content/view/full/20287 

2005    “Greening the North: An Ecological Interrogation of US Policy on Global Poverty” for Mid-Columbia Great Decisions Group. May 3, Dalles, Oregon.


2004         “Coca-Cola or Mohi (Buttermilk): Roadmap to Peace and Livelihoods in Nepal” Matin Chautari, Kathmandu, Nepal, August 26.

Link:www.martinchautari.org.np/ for_discussion/twothousand_four.htm - 21k -


2004      Featured Presentation, “Biocultural Diversities: The Great Work Ahead” for Spirit Maters: Wisdom Traditions and the Great Work. Ontario Institute of Studies in Education, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada. May 13-16. Link: http://tlc.oise.utoronto.ca/conf2004/call.html


2001     “Regenerating Rural Livelihoods in Nepal and the Role of Higher Education” Institute of Agriculture and Animal Sciences, Rampur, Chitwan, Nepal, December 27.


1999          “Moment for Social Movement Learning: Pedagogy, Politics and Practice” for Pedagogy as Praxis Seminar, Departments of English and American Studies, Washington State University (WSU) Pullman, WA, April, 2-3.

1998   Madan Handa Memorial Lecture: “Globalization and Resistance:  Social

Movement Discourses in the Twenty-first Century” Ontario Institute of Studies in Education, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada. March 9. 

1995 Concluding Keynote, "After Five-Hundred Years: Traditions of Knowledge from the Margins" for the Fifth Annual International Conference on Comparative Scientific Traditions.  Center for Mutual Learning, Smith College, Northhampton, Massachusetts, May 5-7. 

Research (Return to top)




(Prescott College, Portland State University, Syracuse University, Lewis and Clark College and other Institutions)


Sustainability Education, Political Ecology: Education for Sustainability, Learning Gardens and Food Policy, Sustainability Education, Ecological Education in K-12, Ecological and Cultural Foundations of Learning, Global Political Ecology, Introduction to Global Political Ecology, Ecology and Social Justice, Leadership for Sustainability, Global Ecology in Social and Cultural Perspectives, Global Environmental Movements, Seminar on Sustainable Development, Technology and Culture Change, Global Environmental Narratives, Ethics of Development in a Global Environment (EDGE).

Cultural Diversity and Intercultural Studies: Sustainable Nepal: Dreams and Designs I, II and III, Global Indigenous Cultures and Biocultural Diversities, Gandhi, Zapata and New Agrarianism, Global Cultures from the Margins, Peoples and Cultures of the World, Political Anthropology, Ethnicity and Ethnic Movements, Culture and Curriculum, Race and Ethnicity in Global Perspectives, Himalayan Anthropology, Introduction to Asian Studies, Cyborg Millennium.

 Leadership, Global Systems, and Social Movements: Theory and Practice of Sustainability, Power and Resistance, Ethnographies of Resistance, Social Movement Theory, Readings on Non-Violence, Gandhi, Nonviolence and Sustainability, Gandhi and Social Movements, New Social Movements in India.

 Ethnography, Participatory Action Research and Collaborative Research: Modes of Inquiry: Whole Systems Design and Research Methods, LCL Master’s Thesis, LECL Culminating Projects, Collaborative Ethnographic Research Methods, Anthropological Praxis, Social Movement Research Methods, Social Movement Practicum, Quantitative Research Methods, Social Science Research in South Asia.

Awards, Grants, & Honors (Return to top)

Honors and Awards

Hope for Agriculture Award, Greening Villages Movcment. PhulMaya Foundation, Montepillar, Vermont. Received at New York University Law School, New York, April 24, 2009. 

 Environmental Protection Agency, People, Planet and the Prosperity (P3) award ($86,000). Nationally competitive award for two consecutive years, 2005-6 and 20006-7 with two students, Michelle Guthrie and Kristen Lans). The Whole Systems Integrated Site Design for Education (WISE) also received the Youth Council on Sustainable Science and Technology (YUCOSS) national prize ($1K) at the National Sustainable Design Expo in Washington, D.C. The WISE project guides 4-6th grade students through the creation of 32 sustainability projects as they navigate their school as an ecosystem. It can be viewed at: http://www.wisedesign.org.


Community Engagement Award , Portland State University

For the Leadership in Ecology, Culture and Learning (LECL) program and the Learning Gardens Program. Received May 24th, 2005.

John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, Research and Writing Post-Doctoral Fellowship (1992-1994), $116,000.

 Funded Grants/Fellowships

Pramod has an excellent history of successful grant proposal writing and implementing for various projects.  They include: grants from the Walton Family Foundation ($38K), Dr. Florence Nelson Global Fellowship ($25,000), Consortium for Innovation in Ecological Learning ($5K), John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation ($116K), US Environmental Protection Agency ($171K), Comcast Foundation ($75K), Portland State University ($40K), Oregon Department of Education ($10K), Portland Schools Foundation ($37K), Learn and Serve National Grant ($24K), Oregon Community Foundation (28K), City of Portland ($125K), Bureau of Environmental Services ($3K), Metro Nature in Neighborhood ($25K), Bureau of Housing and Community Development ($12K), Youth Council on Sustainable Science and Technology (YCOSST) of the Institute of  Sustainability ($1K), Stanford University ($12K), International Development Research Center, Canada ($4K), Nepal-US Educational Foundation ($12K). 

Education (Return to top)



Ph.D.         1990         International Development Education, Stanford University


M.A.         1989         Anthropology, Stanford University         


B.Law 1976         Law, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal


M.Ed.         1976         Education, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal

Expertise (Return to top)

Sustainability education, political ecology, South Asian grassroots movements, social movements theory and practice, sustainable food systems, Nepal, Himalayas, participatory and collaborative research methods

Coverage in News & Media (Return to top)

2009 Producer and Narrator, Las Chicas Bravas. A Lesson on Development along the US-Mexico Border. 

 Script-writer and Narrator, Voices of Nepal: A Documentary of the Nepalese Struggle for Multi-Party Democracy and Human Rights. San Francisco: Paradigm Productions (1990).

Presentations to the Media

2009.  Conversations with Channel 22. Earth Day, April 22. Prescott, Arizona.


2008  A series of presentations on Democratic Movement and Political Transformation in Nepal after 2006

Interview for Radio New Zealand, April 26, 2008

Link: http://podcast.radionz.co.nz/sat/sat-20080426-0812-Foreign_Correspondent_Pramod_Parajuli_on_Nepal-048.mp3


Interview with Radio uprising, Los Angeles, April 25, 2008

Link: http://ia360904.us.archive.org/3/items/DailyDigest042508/2008_04_25_parajuli.mp3 


2006 “Learning Gardens and Culture of Food” For Bread and Roses, KBOO Radio, 90.7 FM, Portland, Oregon. Friday, April 28th, 2006 6:20-6:40.  pm.  A joint presentation with two LECL students: Cori Longstreet and Carrie Steltz.


Nepal 101: Democratic Movement in Nepal and its Future” Interview for www.KUOW.org, a Seattle based NPR Station, April 21, 2006.

available at: . http://www.kuow.org

 Portland International Initiative for Leadership in Ecology, Culture and Learning (PIIECL), an Hour Long-conversation for KeepingKurrent, Broadcast on May 25, 2005.  





Academic Involvement at Prescott College (Return to top)



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